Judges officiate at all levels of competitions, and also assess competitive tests. Potential judges must be at least 16 years old and are required to attend clinics and seminars, trial judge and take exams as they work their way up through the system. As their knowledge and experience increases, they qualify to judge higher levels of competition.

Within the Canadian system, candidates can qualify to become an international judge. To judge at World or Olympic competition judges must be appointed by the International Skating Union (ISU). Each country has a maximum quota of the number of judges that can be qualified at the international and ISU levels. Skate Canada forwards nominations to the ISU and candidates must attend ISU seminars, pass exams and meet experience requirements. Candidates must be between the ages of 24 and 45 when they are first nominated and retirement is mandatory at age 70.

In addition to their related judging duties, Canadian judges are available to both clubs and coaches to assist them in assessing the progress of individual skaters and in interpreting and meeting the many ISU and Skate Canada technical rules.